Water pumps are machines for moving water, they play a fundamental part in husbandry as they move water from its source to the fields and crops. Water pumps can be used with multitudinous forms of irrigation, analogous to drip, sprinklers or a sock.
There’s a wide range of water pumps available, from simple manually operated pumps to those powered by reactionary energy or electricity.
What different water pumps are there for smallholder farmers?
There are multitudinous different types of water pumps for irrigation available and it can get fairly confusing which options are swish and most suitable for your estate. Budget, the estate size, water source, how important water you need, and power source all need to be considered when choosing a water pump.
Your water source will play a big part in which water pumps are suitable for you. still, lake, water visage, If you have a water source at the face analogous to a sluice.
still, you will need a submersible water pump, If the water source is deeper than this. This is because pumps that are placed on the face can’t physically lift water from any deeper down than 7m. The height a water pump can lift water is known as its Total Head( or total lift).
Face water pumps are pumps placed on the ground, out of the water, with a sock from the bay side of the water pump placed into the water. These pumps stink water up to the pump system and also push water to your estate.
Submersible water pumps are lowered into the water. They have power lines and the outlet sock attached to the pump under the water, so these pump systems need to be penetrable to work. These pumps push the water up from the pump’s depth to your estate.
Factors To Consider When Choosing A Water Pump.
- discharge and pressure( or head) demanded
- suction conditions
- frequency of operation
- responsibility demanded
- source of power available
- cost per unit of power
The benefits or advantages of irrigation pumps are
Irrigation System Flexibility
Agricultural irrigation systems are generally zoned by field size, crop type and/ or crop development date. In multitudinous cases, this type of zoning can lead to zones of considerably different flux rates, especially when a planter may have several small or irregularly shaped fields. In history, the result of this problem is to size the pump for the worst possible case and also try to come up with some combination of gates to get the pump to operate at the swish effectiveness point.
Variable Frequency Drives( VFDs) also help in conserving our globe’s most precious resource. VFDs conserve water by operating irrigation sprinklers at the optimum pressure. Over-pressurized sprinklers tend to “ fog ” or mist as the advanced pressure creates lower water droplets through the sprinkler’s snoot.
These lower droplets are more susceptible to movement by wind and are more easily faded into the atmosphere. Water that evaporates before it hits the ground is obviously of no use to the plant.
Several Pumps in One
It used to be that irrigation pump stations comported of a small “ jockey ” or pressure conservation pump and one or further main pumps. The pump station control system turned pumps on and off depending on the flux rate demanded by the system at the time.
Water pumps are of veritably important use as stressed over. If you planning to acquire one of the below factors will come in handy.